Friday, July 29, 2011

Scholars Who Have Made the Connection Between Clement of Alexandria and the Marcosians

Returning now to the use of Matt 18:10 in the Ps.-Clementine Homilies, it is quite clear that the exegesis of this passage is not very different from that of Irenaeus' Marcosians. Even though the theological frameworks of the texts ... both view the “Face of God” in Matt 18:10 as the enthroned “form” or “body” of God, which they identify with Christ. The fact that the same exegesis of Matt 18:10 occurs in Clement of Alexandria is very significant, because Clement has read all the material discussed so far: Irenaeus' account of the Marcosians, the writings of the Oriental branch of Valentinianism, as well as the source used by the Pseudo-Clementine Homily 17. According to Colin Roberts (Manuscript, Society, and Belief in Early Christian Egypt [London/New York: Oxford University Press, 1979], 53), Adversus Haereses was circulating in Egypt “not long after the ink was dry on the author's manuscript" [Bogdan Bucur, Angelomorphic Pneumatology p. 68 - 69]

No, Professor Bucur. The solution is that Clement was a Marcosian, or better yet - that Irenaeus's report on the 'those of Mark' (= the Marcosians) is a caricature from an Aramaic speaking author which has made its way into Irenaeus's Against Heresies.

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